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Your contribution must adapt to these formal guidelines:
1.1. Abstract. The first page of each article must include a 100-200 word summary. The abstract should be indented and positioned immediately before the body of the text, after the title. It should consist of one paragraph and should contain no bibliographical reference in parenthetical form. Just after the abstract append a list of up to six key words so that your contribution can be accurately classified by international reference indexes.
1.2. Language. Manuscripts are to be submitted in English. Authors must consistently follow either British or American spelling conventions. A version or translation of the Title, Abstract and Keywords in Spanish. For those contributors who do not handle Spanish the Editors will provide the translation.
1.3. Length. For articles: 6,000-8,000 words; for book reviews: 1,500-2,000 words.
1.4. Submission. Authors must submit their contribution (word or equivalent electronic version) accompanied by the following:
2.1. Titles of contributions. For articles type the title at the top of the page on which the text begins. Do not italicize your title or capitalize it in full. Italicize only a published work in the title or a cited word in a linguistic study. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word and of all significant words (nouns, adjectives, verbs and adverbs) as well as proper nouns which appear in titles. Always capitalise the last word in a title. Do not use a period after titles. The title should not carry a reference to a footnote, unless by the Editor; in articles or other contributions put necessary acknowledgements or explanations in a footnote to the first or last sentence of the first paragraph, not to the title.
2.2. Use of numbers. Numbers from one to nine should be written as words. If you are using only a few numbers you may also use words for any number which requires two words or less (e.g. thirty-five or six hundred), except in technical or statistical discussions involving their frequent use or in notes, where many space-saving devices are legitimate. Numbers beginning sentences (including dates) are always spelled out. In connecting consecutive numbers (e.g. in page references), give the second number in full for numbers up to 99; for larger numbers give only two figures of the second if it is within the same hundred, e.g. 21-28, 345-46, 1608-74, 12345-47.
2.3. Dates. You may use either standard dating (April 13, 1990) or new style dating (13 April 1990) but you must be consistent. No comma is used between month and year when no date is given (May 1990). Centuries should be spelled out in lowercase letters (fourteenth century).
2.4. Tables, drawings and graphic items. Please avoid the proliferation of tables, drawings and graphic items which may result in an excessive number of pages. This could affect the eligibility of your work for publication.
All tables and figures should be numbered consecutively and referred to by their numbers within the text (e.g. as we see in example/table/figure 1).
2.5. Use of publishers' names. Publishing company names are appropriately abbreviated in the list of works cited. To abbreviate a publisher's name, you should remove articles, business abbreviations (Co., Inc.) and descriptive words (Press, Publishers). For example, Macmillan Publishing Company, Inc. becomes simply Macmillan; Scott, Foresman and Co. becomes Scott; Editorial Gredos becomes Gredos. Any university press will be abbreviated according to one of these two patterns: U of Miami P, or Toronto UP.
2.6. Quotations. All quotations should correspond exactly with the originals in wording, spelling, capitalization and internal punctuation (for terminal punctuation see below in §3.8). Exceptions (e.g. the italicizing of words for emphasis, or the modernizing of spelling) should be explicitly indicated or explained. If the source contains a spelling error, you must duplicate it and then insert the word sic—sparingly—in square brackets (never round parenthesis). If you add your own words to a quotation, you must either enclose them in square brackets ("He [Stephen Spender] is one of the finest poets Britain has ever produced"), or you must stop the quotation, insert your material and then resume the quotation ("Stephen Spender", born in London in 1909, "is one of the finest poems Britain has ever produced").
2.7. Ellipsis within quotations. If you delete anything from a quotation, use three . . . spaced periods, being careful to leave a space before the first period and after the last one. Do not enclose the spaced periods in brackets. To indicate ellipsis after the conclusion of a complete sentence, use three spaced periods following the sentence period. . . . (i.e. four periods with no space before the first). All punctuation except this sentence period should be ignored when it falls within an ellipsis. Avoid using spaced periods to open or to close quotations that are obviously complete syntactic fragments. Use introductory clauses to avoid opening paragraphs with ellipsis periods (e.g. Gabler observes that "while James Joyce", etc.).
2.8. Run-on and indented quotations. Unless unusual emphasis is required, verse quotations of a single or part of a line should be run on, in quotation marks, as part of your text. Quotations of up to two lines should also be run on in quotation marks, but with the lines separated with a slash (/). Unless special emphasis is required, prose quotations up to about 75 words should be run on. Longer quotations should be separated from the context, indented and never enclosed in quotation marks. If a single paragraph, or part of one, is quoted in indented form, do not indent the first line again; but if two or more paragraphs are quoted in indented form consecutively, indent the first line of each. Use a colon to introduce these indented quotations, but not when a quotation is an integral element of your sentence. Since indented quotations separated from the context are not enclosed in quotation marks, internal punctuation is not affected. It is strongly recommended not to use too many quotations in your essay, particularly long indented quotations. Remember that the purpose of quotations is to support your own critical or descriptive discourse, not to replace it.
In accordance with current editorial practice, put all periods or commas immediately after quotation marks unless a parenthetical reference intervenes: He refused "to accept in practice something he did not approve of in principle". He refused "to accept in practice something he did not approve of in principle", but He refused "to accept in practice something he did not approve of in principle" (Mason 1998: 75).
2.9. Double and single quotation marks. Double quotation marks (" ") are used mainly to enclose quoted speech or writing. For quotations within run-on quotations use single quotation marks. If there are quotes within an indented quotation, the double quotation marks are used. Single quotation marks (' ') are used in the following ways: a) to enclose titles of articles, essays, short stories, short poems, songs, chapters and sections of books, lectures and unpublished works other than dissertations (see 3.10); b) to enclose quotations within quotations; c) (usually called 'scare quotes') to indicate that the word or phrase is being used deliberately in an unusual or arguably incorrect sense, as well as for not yet wholly standard terms. d) for English translations of words or phrases from a different language (agua 'water'). 'Scare quotes' must be used sparingly and, if possible, kept to a minimum.
2.10. Italics. Use Italics:
2.11. Textual divisions and headings. Section headings should be used with discretion. They must begin from the left margin, with no period at the end. Headings may be numbered. The use of Arabic numerals is recommended. Centred Roman numerals may be used when there is no heading title. If absolutely necessary, further division within a section should follow the same format used for section headings. They must be preceded by Arabic numerals separated by full stop (e.g. 1.1). Do not capitalize headings in full.
2.12. Punctuation. In general, make your usage as consistent as possible. Although the finer points of punctuation are often a matter of personal preference, the main purpose is clarity, and here it is wiser to follow established convention.
2.13. Capitalization. Capitalize the first letter of the first word and of all the principal words—including nouns, adjectives, adverbs and verbs in hyphenated compounds, but not articles, prepositions and conjunctions— titles of publications (the title of your own contribution or other titles included in the works cited list) and in subjects of lectures or papers; but in mentioning magazines, journals or newspapers (e.g. the Gentleman's Magazine), do not treat an initial definite article as a part of the title except when the name is cited separately as a source, e.g. in a bibliography. Capitalize references to standard parts of a specific work, e.g. MacCabe's Preface and Index. Never capitalize entire words (i.e., every letter) in text or notes; if absolutely necessary, use small capitals. In general, try to capitalize as little as possible.
2.14. Other useful tips. An author's last name precedes his or her first name or initials only in the works cited list or when it is arranged in alphabetical order. Otherwise the normal order is Wayne C. Booth, Noam Chomsky, or T. S. Eliot. Never capitalize surnames in full, not even in the works cited list. Never italicize quoted material (e.g. Kenner says "Stephen treats his job as a squalid secret"), unless some of the quoted words are italicized in the original source, or you want to place emphasis on a word or phrase, which should be explicitly stated. Be consistent in spacing words and abbreviations.
3.1. Content. Since the reference system used by Atlantis renders most notes unnecessary, these should be avoided and limited to authorial commentary that cannot be easily accommodated in the body of the text. Furthermore, essay-like notes that pursue separate arguments are positively discouraged. Notes must not be used to give bibliographical references that can appear in parenthetical form within the text. The only parenthetical documentation that appears in a note is that which belongs to a quotation in the footnote itself.
3.2. Position within the body of the text. Raised (superscript) note numbers should be placed after the last word of the sentence the author wishes to comment upon, and after all punctuation (including parentheses and quotation marks) except a dash, thus: ".1 ,1 ",1 ;1 )1 but not 1. "1.1,"1, 1; 1). Notes should never break the flow of the sentence. Ideally, they should always be placed after a period. Note numbers as well as other references should be verified carefully before the manuscript is submitted.
4.1. Types of documentation. Two different types of documentation will be used: brief parenthetical in-text citations and a works cited list. Each source must be documented both ways (a quick check is to compare your parenthetical citations with your works cited list entries to be sure each has an exact match).
4.2. In-text parenthetical references. References to articles and reviews must be made within the text and placed within parentheses. The parantheses should contain the author's surname followed by a space before the date of publication which should, in turn, be followed by a colon and a space before the page number(s): e.g. (Frye 1957a: 191-25). If the sentence includes the author's name or if it includes the date of publication, that information should not be repeated in the parentheses. Depending upon the amount of information you decide to include in your text about your source, the information you are required to give in your citations will change. When several authors appear in parenthetical documentation, those references should be arranged chronologically and separated with a semicolon: (Fry 1957a; Gilbert and Gubar 1985; Espinal 1991). Try not to use parentheses within parentheses, and, if this is unavoidable employ square brackets (see §3.14). Never use Latin reference tags (op. cit., ibidem, etc.).
Parenthetical citations should be placed (1) immediately after each quotation; (2) at the end of a sentence or group of sentences which are all paraphrased from the same page of the same source; or (3) at the end of your paragraph even if you continue to paraphrase from the same page of the same source in the next paragraph. A parenthetical citation can never cover more than one paragraph of your text. Put this parenthetical citation after the quotation marks but before the comma or period when the quotation is part of your text. However, if the quotation ends with a question mark or an exclamation mark, there must be double punctuation: ". . . but who would understand this equation?" (Rose 1989: 34). When the quotation is set off from the text in indented form, the parenthetical citation follows all punctuation (see examples in §7).
The Bible has a special citation form. To cite the Bible, give the number (if necessary) and the title of the book, then the chapter followed by a period but no space and the verse number(s): (1 Tim. 7.9) or (Mark 5.8-15). Remember not to italicize the title of the books of the Bible.
Dates of publication within parenthetical references in your text should always correspond to the edition handled in the preparation of your paper. Original dates, if applicable, should only appear in the list of references, in brackets after the cited edition (see examples in section 5.3).
4.3. Arrangement of the works cited list. Occasionally a source will not provide you with all the information you need to construct a complete works cited entry. In such a situation, you may insert the abbreviation n. p. for no publisher where the publisher's name would appear in your entry. The abbreviation N. p. may be used when you are using a text which has no place of publication listed. Use the abbreviation exactly as if it were the actual information in your entry. You may also use the abbreviation n. d. for no date when you are unable to locate any publication date. If there is a conjectural date, you may use it followed by a question mark with all enclosed in square brackets [1629?]. Never use the abbreviations when real information is available.
In accordance with the author-date reference system described in §5.2, the three basic formats below must be observed:
Allan, Keith and Kate Burridge 1991: Euphemism and Dysphemism. Language Used as Shield and Weapon. Oxford and New York: Oxford UP.
Broadbent, John, ed. 1974: Poets of the Seventeenth Century. 2 vols. New York: New American Library.
Butler, Judith 1990: Gender Trouble. Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York and London: Routledge.
Danson, Lawrence, ed. 1981: On King Lear. Princeton: Princeton UP.
Fairbanks, Carol 1986: Prairie Women: Images in American and Canadian Fiction. New Haven: Yale UP.
Fanego, Teresa, María José López Couso and Javier Pérez Guerra, eds. 2002: English Historical Syntax and Morphology. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Frye, Northrop 1957a: Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays. Princeton: Princeton UP.
——— 1957b: Sound and Poetry. New York: Columbia UP.
——— 1983: The Myth of Deliverance: Reflexions on Shakespeare's Problem Comedies. Toronto: U of Toronto P.
Gibaldi, Joseph 1995: MLA Handbook for Writers of Reasearch Papers. New York: The Modern Language Association of America. Gilbert, Sandra M. and Susan Gubar, eds. 1985: The Norton Anthology of Literature by Women: The Tradition in English. New York: Norton.
Joyce, James 1993 (1914): Dublineses. Ed. Fernando Galván. Trans. Eduardo Chamorro. Madrid: Cátedra.
Knight, G. Wilson 1979: Hamlet and Other Shakespearean Essays. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.
Walker, Alice 1985 (1982): The Color Purple. New York: Pocket.
Carnero González, José 1982: 'Calipso y Penélope en Ulysses'. Francisco García Tortosa, ed. James Joyce: A New Language: Actas/Proceedings del Simposio Internacional en el Centenario de James Joyce. Sevilla: Depto. de Literatura Inglesa de la Univ. de Sevilla. 167-74.
Hidalgo, Pilar 1998: 'La novela victoriana, 1840-1880'. José Antonio Álvarez Amorós, ed. Ch. 3 of Historia crítica de la novela inglesa. Colección Almar-Anglística. Salamanca: Ediciones Colegio de España. 107-46.
Savoy, Eric 2007: 'Entre chien et loup' :Henry James, Queer Theory and the Biographical Imperative’, Peter Rawlings, ed. Palgrave Advances in Henry James Studies. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.100-25.
Olsen, Tillie 1977: 'Tell Me a Riddle'. Irving Howe, ed. Jewish-American Stories. New York: Mentor-NAL. 82-117.
Pujante, Ángel Luis 2002: Introducción. William Shakespeare: Hamlet. Ed. and trans. Ángel Luis Pujante. App. Clara Calvo. Colección Austral. 2nd ed. Madrid: Espasa Calpe. 11-41.
Draper, John W. 1938: 'The Theory of the Comic in Eighteenth-Century England'. Journal of English and Germanic Philology 37: 207-23.
Kendall, Gillian Murray 1989: 'Lend Me Thy Hand": Metaphor and Mayhem in Titus Andronicus'.Shakespeare Quarterly 40: 299-316.
Pope, Marcel Cornis 1990: 'Poststructuralist Narratology and Critical Writing: A "Figure in the Carpet" Textshop'. Journal of Narrative Technique 20.2: 245-65.
4.4. Examples of further variations on the three basic formats
Roush, Bobby, ed. 1977: Hansen’s College Reader. New York: Columbia UP, 1977.
American Cancer Society 1987: The Dangers of Ultra-Violet Rays. Washington: American Cancer Society, 1987.
Lazinsky, Sergei 1986: The Land without a Sun. Ed. Pemal Hassin. 4th ed. London: Macmillan.
Rassele, Claus 1959-72: The Eternal Fire. Vol. 3 of The Complete Prose of Claus Rassele. Ed. Randal Wiles. 9 vols. Chicago: U of Chicago P.
Kozloff, Sarah Ruth 1987: 'Narrative Theory and Television'. Robert C. Allen, ed. Channels of Discourse: Television and Contemporary Criticism. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P. 42-73.
Berger, Samuel 1983: Introduction. International Terrorism. By Morris Provis. Champaign: U of Illinois P. xiv-xxii.
Alcaraz Varó, Enrique 1983: 'De la lingüística oracional a la supraoracional'. Estudios de Lingüística 1: 7-24.
Claw, Charles J. and Richard Wingley 1981: 'The Myth of Troy'. Arts and Architecture 13.2: 17-34.
Prince, Shawn, James T. Mack and Roderick Soames 1973: 'Batik as a Form of Cultural Expression'. Journal of African Studies 47: 119-28.
Banks, Sandra 1986: 'The Devil's on Our Radio'. People 7 May: 72.
Trainer, George L. 1988: 'Learning to Say No to Your Child'. Parents March: 45.
Clark, Trisha and James Kirsch 1987: 'Racism and Apathy Join Hands at NIU'. Chicago Tribune 21 Sept., city ed., section 3: 2.
Morse, Kathy 1986: 'The High Cost of Surgery for Your Pet'. Rockford Register Star 7 Oct.: B11.
Kelley, Donald 1988: 'Climbing the Trees of the Southland'. Chicago Sun Times 4 Jan., late ed.: 33.
Conde-Silvestre, Juan Camilo 2002: Rev. of A History of English: A Sociolinguistic Approach, by Barbara A. Fennell. Atlantis 24.1: 259-68.
Sherly, James 1982: Rev. of The Effects of Capitalism on Black Americans, by Matthew Maples. Economist July: 60-63.
Lerner, Richard 1987: 'The Blackness Ahead'. Rev. of 'Stocks in the 1980's', by Howard Barker. Wall Street Journal 19 Nov.: 28.
Arús, Jorge 2003: Towards a Computational Specification of Transitivity in Spanish: A Contrastive Study with English. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis. Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain.
Leong, Ping Alvin: 'Delimiting the Theme of the English Clause – An Inference-Boundary Account' <http://www.ling.helsinki.fi/sky/julkaisut/SKY2004
/LeongPing.pdf> (Accessed 22 December, 2006)
© AEDEAN. The Spanish Association of Anglo-American Studies.