Author(itie)s and Sources in the Prefatory Matter to Eighteenth-Century English Grammars for Children

María Victoria Domínguez-Rodríguez

Abstract


During the eighteenth century, language-experts were increasingly concerned with correctness and appropriate social expression. As a result, English grammar went through several attempts to codify and prescribe rules for correct usage, so that the number of these works increased rapidly from the 1760s onwards and reached a notable peak in the 1790s. In order to find a place in an increasingly saturated marketplace, authors, editors and publishers variously resorted to selling strategies that included, for instance, adding value to the English grammar by incorporating rich prefatory or post-main-text matter. This paper deals with author(itie)s and sources explicitly mentioned in the prefatory matter of eighteenth-century English grammars for children, with a focus on metacomments aimed at endorsing the book with reliability and validity for teachers and young learners. The study is based on acknowledged author(itie)s and sources so as to identify which were most commonly cited in the material examined, on the one hand, and to discuss the different reasons articulating this practice, on the other.


Keywords: English grammars; eighteenth century; paratext; prefatory matter; metacomments


Full Text:

PDF

References


Alston, R. C. 1965. A Bibliography of the English Language from the Invention of Printing to the Year 1800. Vol. I: English Grammars Written in English. Leeds: Arnold and Son.

Arrington, Philip and Shirley K. Rose. 1987. “Prologues to What is Possible: Introductions as Metadiscourse.” College Composition and Communication 38 (3): 306-318.

Baugh, Albert and Thomas Cable. (1951) 1993. A History of the English Language. 4th ed. New York and London: Routledge.

Beal, Joan. 2004. English in Modern Times. London: Arnold.

—. 2009. “Three Hundred Years of Prescriptivism (and Counting).” Current Issues in Late Modern English, edited by Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade and Wim van der Wuff, 35-56. Bern: Peter Lang.

Bernard, Floris. 2014. “The Ethics of Authorship: Some Tensions in the 11th Century.” In The Author in Middle Byzantine Literature: Modes, Functions, and Identities, edited by Aglae Pizzone, 41-60. Boston, MA and Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

Bickerstaff, Isaac [pseud. Steele, Richard]. 1710. “No. CCXXXIV.” The Tatler, Volume IV, October 7.

Cajka, Karen. 2003. “The Forgotten Women Grammarians of Eighteenth-Century England.” PhD diss., U of Connecticut.

Chapman, Don. 2008. “The Eighteenth-Century Grammarians as Language-Experts.” In Grammars, Grammarians and Grammar-Writing in Eighteenth-Century England, edited by Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade, 21-36. The Hague: Mouton de Gruyter.

Curzan, Anne. 2014. Fixing English: Prescriptivism and Language History. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Domínguez-Rodríguez, María Victoria and Alicia Rodríguez-Álvarez. 2015. “‘The Reader is Desired to Observe...’: Metacomments in the Prefaces to English School Grammars of the Eighteenth Century.” Journal of Historical Pragmatics 16 (1): 86-108.

ECCO. 2007-2016. Eighteenth Century Collections Online. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Cengage [Accessed online on October 18, 2017].

ECEG. 2010. Eighteenth-Century English Grammars Database, compiled by María E. Rodríguez-Gil and Nuria Yáñez-Bouza [Accessed online on May 10-12, 2016].

Fernández-Martínez, Dolores. 2012. “Authority in Lowth’s and Priestley’s Prefaces to their English Grammars.” Studia Anglica Posnaniensia 47 (4): 97-111.

Genette, Gérard. (1987) 1997. Paratexts: Thresholds of Interpretation. Translated by Jane E. Lewin. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

—. 1991. “Introduction to the Paratext.” New Literary History 22 (2): 261-272.

Griffiths, Ralph and John E. Griffiths. 1775-76. “Monthly Catalogue. School Book.” The Monthly Review, or Literary Journal 53: 365-366.

Halliday, Michael A. K. 1970. “Language Structure and Language Function.” In New Horizons in Linguistics, edited by J. Lyons, 140-165. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Hickey, Raymond. 2010. “Attitudes and Concerns in Eighteenth-Century English.” In Eighteenth-Century English: Ideology and Change, edited by Raymond Hickley, 1-20. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Hübler, Axel and Wolfram Bublitz. 2007. “Introducing Metapragmatics in Use.” In Metapragmatics in Use, edited by Wolfram Bublitz and Axel Hübler, 1-26. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Hyland, Ken. 2005. Metadiscourse: Exploring Interaction in Writing. London: Continuum.

—. 2011. “Academic Discourse.” In Continuum Companion to Discourse Analysis, edited by Ken Hyland and Brian Paltridge, 171-184. London: Continuum.

Jones, Peter M. 2011. “Medical Literacies and Medical Cultures in Early Modern England.” In Medical Writing in Early Modern English, edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Päivi Pahta, 30-43. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Kitromilides, Paschalis M. 1992. The Enlightenment as Social Criticism: Iosipos Moisiodax and Greek Culture in the Eighteenth Century. New Jersey and Oxford: Princeton UP.

Leonard, Sterling A. 1929. The Doctrine of Correctness in English Usage 1700-1800. Madison, WI: Russell and Russell.

Meyerhoff, Miriam. 2002. “Communities of Practice.” In The Handbook of Language Variation and Change, edited by Jack K. Chambers, Peter Trudgill and Natalie Schilling-Estes, 526-548. Oxford: Blackwell.

Michael, Ian. (1970) 2010. English Grammatical Categories and the Tradition to 1800. Reprint, Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Navest, Karlijn. 2011. John Ash and the Rise of the Children’s Grammar. Utrecht: The Netherlands National Graduate School of Linguistics (LOT).

Newman, Gerald. 1997. The Rise of British Nationalism: A Cultural History, 1740-1830, Part IV. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Percy, Carol. 2010. “Women’s Grammars.” In Eighteenth-Century English: Ideology and Change, edited by Raymond Hickey, 38-58. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Pullum, Geoffrey K. 1974. “Lowth’s Grammar: A Re-Evaluation.” Linguistics 137: 63-78.

Rodríguez-Álvarez, Alicia and María E. Rodríguez-Gil. 2013. “Common Topics in Eighteenth-Century Prefaces to English School Grammars: An Application of the ECEG Database.” Transactions of the Philological Society 111 (2): 202-222.

Smith, Robin D. 1996. “Language for Everyone: Eighteenth-Century Female Grammarians, Elstob, Fisher and Beyond.” In History of Linguistics 1996. Volume 2: From Classical to Contemporary Linguistics, edited by David Cram, Andrew R. Linn and Elke Nowak, 205-215. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

—. 1998. “Eighteenth-Century Linguistics and Authorship: The Cases of Dyche, Priestley and Buchanan.” In Advances in English Historical Linguistics, edited by Jacek Fisiak and Marcin Krygier, 435-442. The Hague: Mouton de Gruyter.

Sorensen, Janet. 2000. The Grammar of Empire in Eighteenth-Century British Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Taavitsainen, Irma. 2008. “Audience Guidance and Learned Medical Writing in Late Medieval English.” In Advances in Medical Discourse Analysis: Oral and Written Contexts, edited by Maurizio Gotti and Françoise Salager-Meyer, 431-456. Bern: Peter Lang.

Tieken-Boon van Ostade, Ingrid. 1996. “Lindley Murray and the Concept of Plagiarism.” In Two Hundred Years of Lindley Murray, edited by Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade, 81-95. Münster: Nodus Publikationen.

—. 2008a. “Grammars, Grammarians and Grammar Writing: An Introduction.” In Grammars, Grammarians and Grammar-Writing in Eighteenth-Century England, edited by Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade, 1-14. The Hague: Mouton de Gruyter.

—. 2008b. “The 1760s: Grammars, Grammarians and the Booksellers.” In Grammars, Grammarians and Grammar-Writing in Eighteenth-Century England, edited by Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade, 101-124. The Hague: Mouton de Gruyter.

—. 2010. The Bishop’s Grammar: Robert Lowth and the Rise of Prescriptivism. Oxford: Oxford UP.

—. 2012. “The Codification of English in England.” In Standards of English: Codified Varieties around the World, edited by Raymond Hickey, 34-54. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Vorlat, Emma. 1975. The Development of English Grammatical Theory, 1586-1737, with Special Reference to the Theory of Parts of Speech. Leuven: Leuven UP.

—. 2007. “On the History of English Teaching Grammars.” In Sprachtheorien der Neuzeit III/2, edited by Peter Schmitter, 500-525. Tübingen: Gunter Narr Verlag.

Watts, Richard J. 1995. “Justifying Grammars: A Socio-Pragmatic Foray into the Discourse Community of Early English Grammarians.” In Historical Pragmatics, edited by Andreas H. Jucker, 145-186. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Yáñez-Bouza, Nuria. 2015. Grammar, Rhetoric and Usage in English: Preposition Placement 1500-1900. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

—. 2016. “Paratext, Title-Pages and Grammar Books.” Studia Neophilologica 88 (2): 1-26.

Yáñez-Bouza, Nuria and María E. Rodríguez-Gil. 2013. “The ECEG Database.” Transactions of the Philological Society 111 (2): 143-164.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Atlantis. Journal of the Spanish Association for Anglo-American Studies
ISSN: 0210-6124 | e-ISSN: 1989-6840. © Atlantis/Aedean 2013.
Contact | Privacy Statement | Copyright notice | Journal Help| Site Map